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Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS, 2nd Edition
by Baxter E. Vieux
The book explains how to model infiltration and related processes, estimate parameters of various infiltration models based on the Green-Ampt equation from soil properties or infiltration measurements (the former treated in more detail), derive different types of hydraulic roughness coefficients using land use/cover classification schemes and construct drainage networks from digital elevation models. Some technical background on the physical processes that govern water flow is also given, along with a description of general techniques, such as generating raster surfaces from irregularly spaced data points using inverse distance weighting, surface interpolation by kriging, and several spline methods.
The issues and caveats one may encounter and must be aware of are emphasized throughout the text. These include the problems of interfacing diverse types and representations of GIS data; selecting an appropriate spatial resolution to balance model precision against computational efficiency (an information-theoretic statistic to guide the choice is devised); data quality and availability, including a detailed description of estimating precipitation from weather radar observations; and calibrating the models for specific purposes. The role of fractal scaling in choosing resolution and calibrating the model is also discussed.
The book has a nice, modular structure. The reader may peruse the introduction and jump to a specific topic, if necessary. A glossary and a moderate-sized index are quite helpful. Unfortunately, the typesetting of some equations leaves much to be desired.
The interdisciplinary character of distributed hydrological modelling has forced the author to choose between creating a large, detailed, "brick-type" book, or a lighter guide with details omitted. Here a nice golden rule was found. Subsequent chapters contain some technical background and provide a general overview of what has been done on particular topics, allowing the reader to pursue the matter further and find the details in appropriate papers if necessary. The general parts are coupled by extended examples in each chapter, where the methods presented are applied step by step, as well as by the more specific final chapters, containing case studies, a detailed description of a hydrological model r.water.fea (part of the GRASS GIS), developed by the author and his collaborators, and, in the appendix, the user’s manual for the ArcView version of the model.
The book is addressed to faculty members, senior and graduate students, civil, agricultural, water resources and environmental engineers, hydrologists, physical geographers, and hydrometeorologists engaged in hydrological modelling.

책의 Chapters 및 내용
1 DISTRIBUTED HYDROLOGIC MODELING
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       WHY DISTRIBUTED HYDROLOGIC MODELING?
  • 1.3       DISTRIBUTED MODEL REPRESENTATION
  • 1.4       MATHEMATICAL ANALOGY
  • 1.5       GIS DATA STRUCTURES AND SOURCES
  • 1.6       SURFACE GENERATION
  • 1.7       SPATIAL RESOLUTION AND INFORMATION CONTENT
  • 1.8       RUNOFF PROCESSES
  • 1.9       HYDRAULIC ROUGHNESS
  • 1.10     DRAINAGE NETWORKS AND RESOLUTION
  • 1.11     SPATIALLY VARIABLE PRECIPITATION
  • 1.12     DISTRIBUTED HYDROLOGIC MODEL FORMULATION
  • 1.13     DISTRIBUTED MODEL CALIBRATION
  • 1.14     CASE STUDIES
  • 1.15     HYDROLOGIC ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION
  • 1.16     SUMMARY
  • 1.17     REFERENCES
2 DATA SOURCES AND STRUCTURE
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       DIMENSIONALITY
  • 1.3       MAP SCALE AND SPATIAL DETAIL
  • 1.4       DATUM AND SCALE
  • 1.5       GEOREFERENCED COORDINATE SYSTEMS
  • 1.6       MAP PROJECTIONS
  • 1.7       DATA REPRESENTATION
  • 1.8       WATERSHED DELINEATION
  • 1.9       SOIL CLASSIFICATION
  • 1.10     LAND USE/COVER CLASSIFICATION
  • 1.11     SUMMARY
  • 1.12     REFERENCES
3 SURFACE GENERATION
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       SURFACE GENERATORS
  • 1.3       SURFACE GENERATION APPLICATION
  • 1.4       SUMMARY
  • 1.5       REFERENCES
4 SPATIAL VARIABILITY
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       INFORMATION CONTENT
  • 1.3       FRACTAL INTERPRETATION
  • 1.4       RESOLUTION EFFECTS ON DEMS
  • 1.5       SUMMARY
  • 1.6       REFERENCES
5 INFILTRATION MODELING
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       INFILTRATION PROCESS
  • 1.3       APPROACHES TO INFILTRATION MODELING
  • 1.4       GREEN-AMPT THEORY
  • 1.5       ESTIMATION OF GREEN-AMPT PARAMETERS
  • 1.6       ATTRIBUTE ERROR
  • 1.7       SUMMARY
  • 1.8       REFERENCES
6 HYDRAULIC ROUGHNESS
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       HYDRAULICS OF SURFACE RUNOFF
  • 1.3       APPLICATION TO THE ILLINOIS RIVER BASIN
  • 1.4       SUMMARY
  • 1.5       REFERENCES
7 DIGITAL TERRAIN
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       DRAINAGE NETWORK
  • 1.3       DEFINITION OF CHANNEL NETWORKS
  • 1.4       RESOLUTION DEPENDENT EFFECTS
  • 1.5       CONSTRAINING DRAINAGE DIRECTION
  • 1.6       SUMMARY
  • 1.7       REFERENCES
8 PRECIPITATION MEASUREMENT
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       RAIN GAUGE ESTIMATION OF RAINFALL
  • 1.3       RADAR ESTIMATION OF PRECIPITATION
  • 1.4       WSR-88D RADAR CHARACTERISTICS
  • 1.5       INPUT FOR HYDROLOGIC MODELING
  • 1.6       SUMMARY
  • 1.7       REFERENCES
9 FINITE ELEMENT MODELING
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       MATHEMATICAL FORMULATION
  • 1.3       SUMMARY
  • 1.4       REFERENCES
10 DISTRIBUTED MODEL CALIBRATION
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       CALIBRATION APPROACH
  • 1.3       DISTRIBUTED MODEL CALIBRATION
  • 1.4       AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION
  • 1.5       SUMMARY
  • 1.6       REFERENCES
11 DISTRIBUTED HYDROLOGIC MODELING
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       CASE STUDIES
  • 1.3       SUMMARY
  • 1.4       REFERENCES
12 HYDROLOGIC ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION
  • 1.1       INTRODUCTION
  • 1.2       VFLO™ EDITIONS
  • 1.3       VFLO™ FEATURES AND MODULES
  • 1.4       MODEL FEATURE SUMMARY
  • 1.5       VFLO™ REAL-TIME
  • 1.6       DATA REQUIREMENTS
  • 1.7       RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER MODELS
  • 1.8       SUMMARY
  • 1.9       REFERENCES